Granborough lies in North Buckinghamshire and has a total population of 535 residing in 235 households. Of the total population, 100 (19%) are young people under the age of 18, 335 are of working age and 100 are of pensionable age.
Granborough is a parish of 1580 acres in the Buckinghamshire Hundred of Waddesdon. It is situated 9 miles north of Aylesbury and adjoins the small market town of Winslow. The village, along with Winslow and Little Horwood, was given by Offa, King of Mercia, as an endowment to St Albans Abbey in 792. Arable farming was almost the only activity and even that source of employment was severely reduced with the change to pastoral farming following the enclosure act in 1796. Granborough population declined in the 19th century, only rising again when the bus and motor car freed the inhabitants to work in nearby towns. The name of Granborough means green hill or fortified place.
Today Granborough remains a rural village with farming the predominant business. As well as 235 households, Granborough has St John the Baptist church, the village hall built in 1910, the Crown Public House, a children’s play area, and communal allotments. We share the Sports field and North Marston C of E Primary School with the neighbouring village of North Marston.
The Parish of Granborough (formerly Grandborough) in the hundred of Ashendon covers some 1580 acres two miles south of Winslow. The name has Anglo Saxon origins and the village appears in the Doomsday Book 1086 as ‘Grenesberga’, meaning ‘green hill’.
The manor was given by King Offa to the abbey at St.Albans in 792. Following the dissolution of the monasteries in 1547 it passed back to the crown until 1699 whereupon it came into the ownership of the Lowndes family of Winslow Hall until 1924.
The ancient church, dedicated to St.John the Baptist, was demolished by Cornelius Holland the Regicide during the civil war but was rebuilt soon after in 1685 upon the restoration of the monarchy. The earliest government census in 1801 stated that there were 230 inhabitants living in 44 houses in the village. This climbed to 374 in 1861 and then fell to under 300 at the turn of the 20th century.
Three public houses served the community in the 1800’s, The Sovereign Inn, The Red Lion and The Crown, the two latter having been operating for far longer. Only The Crown now remains, its car park the site of The Sovereign and the Red Lion now a private residence.
Granborough was a village dependent upon agriculture and developed as a poor and hard place to live. In 1833 an article appeared in the Pall Mall Gazette, penned by the local Vicar and appealing for a capitalist Squire to assist in civilising the village. He commented on the size, number and poor condition of the dwellings and commented that an alternative to frequenting the Public House should be created to pass the winter evenings.